General Information

Official Name United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Capital London
Area 244,103 Sq Km (94,249 Sq Mi)
Location United Kingdom is located off the northwestern coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.
Geography It is separated from France by the Strait of Dover and the English Channel, and from the Irish Republic by the Irish Sea and the St. Georges Channel.


Population (2003) (2015)
60,094,648 64,875,165
Density (1993) (2015)
238 persons per sq km 265.8 persons per sq km
(612 persons per sq mi) (688.3 persons per sq mi)
Urban-Rural (1985) (2014)
91.5% urban 83.0% urban
8.5% rural 17.0% rural
Sex Distribution (1991) (2015)
48.8% male 49.2% male (31,947,040)
51.2% female 50.8% female (32,928,125)
Life Expectancy at Birth (1988) (2015)
72.2 years male 79.2 years male
77.9 years female 82.8 years female
Age Breakdown (1991) (2015)
19% under 15 17.7% under 15 (11,463,432)
22% 15 to 29 19.4% 15 to 29 (12,580,856)
21% 30 to 44 19.7% 30 to 44 (12,753,650)
17% 45 to 59 20.1% 45 to 59 (13,060,671)
14% 60 to 74 15.1% 60 to 74 (9,774,588)
7% 75 and over 8% 75 and over (5,241,968)
Birth Rate (1991) (2015)
13.8 per 1,000 11.97 per 1,000
Death Rate (1991) (2015)
11.2 per 1,000 8.77 per 1,000
Increase Rate (1991) (2015)
2.6 per 1,000 3 per 1,000
Infant Mortality Rate (1991) (2015)
7.4 per 1,000 live births 3.9 per 1,000 live births

Sleep Habits

Sleep/wake schedule

The UK population goes to sleep around 11:15PM and wakes up around 7:00 AM. The population sleeps on average 6 hours 50 minutes. On week ends or days off, they sleep about 68 minutes more than on week days. The bedtime and wake up times are varying for more than one on five individuals.


About one on seven individuals are regularly napping. 1% of the population is napping at least two times in the same day.


  • One on eight individuals has difficulty falling asleep
  • One on five individuals has a disrupted sleep
  • One on seven individuals wake up too early in the morning
  • One on six individuals feels sleep is not refreshing

One individual on ten complained about the quality or quantity of his or her sleep. This does not mean that all these individuals are insomniacs: only one on 16 individuals has a diagnosis of insomnia.


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