General Information

Official Name Federal Republic of Germany (FRG)
Capital Berlin
Area 357,020 Sq Km (137,846 Sq Mi)
Location North Central Europe, on the Great North European Plain.
Geography Bound by Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, the Baltic Sea to the northeast, Denmark to the north, the North Sea to the northwest, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France to the west, Switzerland to the south and Austria to the south and southeast.

Population (2003) (2015)
82,398,326 82,175,700
Density (1991) (2015)
222 persons per sq km 230.1 persons per sq km
(574 persons per sq mi) (596.1 persons per sq mi)
Urban-Rural (1990) (2015)
85.3% urban 75.3% urban
14.7% rural 24.7% rural
Sex Distribution (1989) (2015)
48.1% male 49.3% male (40,514,100)
51.9% female 50.7% female (41,661,600)
Life Expectancy at Birth (1988) (2015)
70.9 years male 78.18 years male
77.2 years female 83.06 years female
Age Breakdown (1992) (2016)
15% under 15 13,2% under 15 (10,881,126)
21% 15 to 29 17.2% 15 to 29 (14,165,523)
22% 30 to 44 18,4% 30 to 44 (15,109,692)
20% 45 to 59 23,8% 45 to 59 (19,517,109)
15% 60 to 74 16,4% 60 to 74 (13,503,133)
7% 75 and over 11% 75 and over (8,999,101)
Birth Rate (1991) (2015)
10.4 per 1,000 9.0 per 1,000
Death Rate (1991) (2015)
11.4 per 1,000 11.3 per 1,000
Increase Rate (1991) (2015)
-1.0 per 1,000 1.50 per 1,000
Infant Mortality Rate (1992) (2015)
6.8 per 1,000 live births 3.3 per 1,000 live births

Sleep Habits

Sleep/wake schedule

The German population goes to sleep around 10:50PM and wakes up around 6:20 AM. They sleep on average 7 hours 8 minutes. On week ends or days off, they sleep about 85 minutes more than on week days. The bedtime is varying for more than one on three individuals while the wake up time is varying for one on six individuals


About one on five individuals are regularly napping. Nearly 4% of the population is napping at least two times in the same day.


  • One on six individuals has difficulty falling asleep
  • One on four individuals has a disrupted sleep
  • One on seven individuals wake up too early in the morning
  • One on seven individuals feels sleep is not refreshing

One individual on ten complained about the quality or quantity of his or her sleep. This does not mean that all these individuals are insomniacs: only one on 16 individuals has a diagnosis of insomnia.


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