General Information

Official Name Italian Republic
Capital Rome
Area 301,225 Sq Km (116,304 Sq Mi)
Population 2003 57,998,353
Location Italy is located in southern Europe.
Geography It is bound by Tyrrhenian and Ligurian Seas to the west, France to the northwest, Switzerland and Austria to the north, Slovenia to the northeast, the Adriatic Sea to the east as well as the Ionian and Mediterranean Seas to the south.
Density (1991) 191 persons per sq km (495 persons per sq mi)
Urban-Rural (1990) 67.2% urban
32.8% rural
Sex Distribution (1990) 48.6% male
51.4% female
Life Expectancy at Birth (1989) 73.5 years male
80.0 years female
Age Breakdown (1988) 18% under 15
24% 15 to 29
20% 30 to 44
9% 45 to 59
14% 60 to 74
5% 75 and over
Birth Rate (1991) 9.8 per 1,000
Death Rate (1991) 9.6 per 1,000
Increase Rate (1991) 0.2 per 1,000
Infant Mortality Rate (1991) 8.3 per 1,000 live births

Sleep Habits

Sleep/wake schedule

The Italian population goes to sleep around 11:08PM and wakes up around 7:00 AM. They sleep on average 7 hours 5 minutes. On week ends or days off, they sleep about 62 minutes more than on week days. The bedtime is varying for more than one on five individuals while the wake up time is varying for one on 10 individuals


About one on six individuals are regularly napping and less than 1% of the population is napping at least two times in the same day.


  • One on ten individuals has difficulty falling asleep
  • One on five individuals has a disrupted sleep
  • One on 13 individuals wake up too early in the morning
  • One on ten individuals feels sleep is not refreshing


  1. Ohayon MM, Smirne S. Prevalence and consequences of insomnia disorders in the general population of Italy. Sleep Medicine 2002; 3:115-120.